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利用Prometheus与Grafana对Mysql服务器的性能监控详解

2020-04-15 作者:网络服务   |   浏览(200)

概述

Prometheus是一个开源的服务监控系统,它通过HTTP协议从远程的机器收集数据并存储在本地的时序数据库上。它提供了一个简单的网页界面、一个功能强大的查询语言以及HTTP接口等等。Prometheus通过安装在远程机器上的exporter来收集监控数据,这里用到了以下两个exporter:

node_exporter – 用于机器系统数据 mysqld_exporter – 用于Mysql服务器数据

Grafana是一个开源的功能丰富的数据可视化平台,通常用于时序数据的可视化。它内置了以下数据源的支持:

并可以通过插件扩展支持的数据源。

架构图

下面是本次部署的架构图

安装并运行Prometheus

1.在 Monitor 上安装 Prometheus

安装至/opt/prometheus

$ wget $ tar zxvf prometheus-1.5.2.linux-amd64.tar.gz$ mv prometheus-1.5.2.linux-amd64 /opt/prometheus

2.在安装目下编辑配置文件 prometheus.yml

vim /opt/prometheus/prometheus.yml

# my global configglobal: scrape_interval: 15s # Set the scrape interval to every 15 seconds. Default is every 1 minute. evaluation_interval: 15s # Evaluate rules every 15 seconds. The default is every 1 minute. # scrape_timeout is set to the global default (10s). # Attach these labels to any time series or alerts when communicating with # external systems (federation, remote storage, Alertmanager). external_labels: monitor: 'codelab-monitor'# Load rules once and periodically evaluate them according to the global 'evaluation_interval'.rule_files: # - "first.rules" # - "second.rules"# A scrape configuration containing exactly one endpoint to scrape:# Here it's Prometheus itself.scrape_configs: # The job name is added as a label `job=job_name` to any timeseries scraped from this config. - job_name: 'prometheus' # metrics_path defaults to '/metrics' # scheme defaults to 'http'. static_configs: - targets: ['localhost:9090'] # 以下是添加的部分 - job_name: linux static_configs: - targets: ['172.30.251.214:9100'] labels: instance: db1 - job_name: mysql static_configs: - targets: ['172.30.251.214:9104'] labels: instance: db1

其中:172.30.251.214是MySQL的IP,端口则是对应的exporter的监听端口。

3.启动Prometheus

[loya@centos6 prometheus]$ ./prometheusINFO[0000] Starting prometheus (version=1.5.2, branch=master, revision=bd1182d29f462c39544f94cc822830e1c64cf55b) source=main.go:75INFO[0000] Build context (go=go1.7.5, user=root@a8af9200f95d, date=20170210-14:41:22) source=main.go:76INFO[0000] Loading configuration file prometheus.yml source=main.go:248INFO[0000] Loading series map and head chunks... source=storage.go:373INFO[0000] 0 series loaded. source=storage.go:378INFO[0000] Starting target manager... source=targetmanager.go:61INFO[0000] Listening on :9090 source=web.go:259

Prometheus内置了一个web界面,可以通过_host:9090进行访问:

在Status-Targets页面下,可以看到我们配置的两个Target,它们的State为DOWN。

4.接下来需要在被监控机器上安装并运行exporter

下载exporters并解压:

$ mkdir /opt/prometheus/prometheus_exporters$ cd /opt/prometheus/prometheus_exporters$ wget _exporter/releases/download/v0.14.0-rc.1/node_exporter-0.14.0-rc.1.linux-amd64.tar.gz$ wget _exporter/releases/download/v0.9.0/mysqld_exporter-0.9.0.linux-amd64.tar.gz$ tar zxvf node_exporter-0.14.0-rc.1.linux-amd64.tar.gz$ tar zxvf mysqld_exporter-0.9.0.linux-amd64.tar.gz# 将各自的可执行文件移动到/opt/prometheus/prometheus_exporters$ ll /opt/prometheus/prometheus_exporterstotal 24464-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 12182376 Feb 23 19:01 mysqld_exporter-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 12862209 Feb 23 19:01 node_exporter

运行node_exporter

$ cd /opt/prometheus/prometheus_exporters$ ./node_exporter INFO[0000] Starting node_exporter (version=0.14.0-rc.1, branch=master, revision=5a07f4173d97fa0dd307db5bd3c2e6da26a4b16e) source="node_exporter.go:136"INFO[0000] Build context (go=go1.7.4, user=root@ed143c8f2fcd, date=20170116-16:00:03) source="node_exporter.go:137"INFO[0000] No directory specified, see --collector.textfile.directory source="textfile.go:57"INFO[0000] Enabled collectors: source="node_exporter.go:156"INFO[0000] - entropy source="node_exporter.go:158"INFO[0000] - loadavg source="node_exporter.go:158"INFO[0000] - stat source="node_exporter.go:158"INFO[0000] - diskstats source="node_exporter.go:158"INFO[0000] - textfile source="node_exporter.go:158"INFO[0000] - vmstat source="node_exporter.go:158"INFO[0000] - meminfo source="node_exporter.go:158"INFO[0000] - filefd source="node_exporter.go:158"INFO[0000] - filesystem source="node_exporter.go:158"INFO[0000] - mdadm source="node_exporter.go:158"INFO[0000] - netdev source="node_exporter.go:158"INFO[0000] - sockstat source="node_exporter.go:158"INFO[0000] - time source="node_exporter.go:158"INFO[0000] - zfs source="node_exporter.go:158"INFO[0000] - edac source="node_exporter.go:158"INFO[0000] - hwmon source="node_exporter.go:158"INFO[0000] - netstat source="node_exporter.go:158"INFO[0000] - uname source="node_exporter.go:158"INFO[0000] - conntrack source="node_exporter.go:158"INFO[0000] Listening on :9100 source="node_exporter.go:176"

mysqld_exporter需要连接到MySQL,所以需要MySQL权限,我们为其创建用户并赋予所需的权限:

mysql GRANT REPLICATION CLIENT, PROCESS ON *.* TO 'prom'@'localhost' identified by 'abc123';mysql GRANT SELECT ON performance_schema.* TO 'prom'@'localhost';

创建.my.cnf文件并运行mysqld_exporter:

$ cd /opt/prometheus/prometheus_exporters$$ cat  EOF  .my.cnf[client]user=prompassword=abc123EOF$$ ./mysqld_exporter -config.my-cnf=".my.cnf"INFO[0000] Starting mysqld_exporter (version=0.9.0, branch=master, revision=8400af20ccdbf6b5e0faa2c925c56c48cd78d70b) source=mysqld_exporter.go:432INFO[0000] Build context (go=go1.6.3, user=root@2c131c66ca20, date=20160926-18:28:09) source=mysqld_exporter.go:433INFO[0000] Listening on :9104 source=mysqld_exporter.go:451

回到Prometheus web界面Status-Targets,可以看到两个Target的状态已经变成UP了:

安装和运行Grafana

安装:

Grafana 的安装官方文档比较清晰,这里不再赘述。

配置:

编辑配置文件/etc/grafana/grafana.ini,修改dashboards.json段落下两个参数的值:

[dashboards.json]enabled = truepath = /var/lib/grafana/dashboards

导入Prometheus Dashboard:

$ git clone $ cp -r grafana-dashboards/dashboards /var/lib/grafana

启动:

$ /etc/init.d/grafana-server start

通过_host:3000访问Grafana Web界面

登录后,通过Data Sources页面添加数据源:

然后就可以通过选择不同的仪表盘和时间段来呈现图表了:

System Overview:

MySQL Overview:

总结

以上就是这篇文章的全部内容了,希望本文的内容对大家的学习或者工作能带来一定的帮助,如果有疑问大家可以留言交流,谢谢大家对脚本之家的支持。

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